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׹ۿ Ÿ

ȯ濡 ġ

    1.    پ缺 ս

    ߻ϴ ذ Ĺ ϰ ִ. Ȱ ϸ پ缺 ս 60% ̻ Ǵ ߻ȴ.
 
( پ缺 , ״ ȯ򰡱, 2010)

   : 񿡼 ü 82% Ǿµ  ̰ ߾Ӿƽþ پ缺 սǿ ū ̴.
 (UN FAO)

 

    2.    ı

   ︲ı ֵ ϳ̴ (UN FAO, 2006)

  1990 Ƹ ︲ı 90% Ҷ Ǵ ۹ ä ߴ.

     ȣֿ 20 ̻ ä 90% ϱ ؼ.(ֱ 񷣵 ΰ ߰ 20 ģ , 񷣵 ȯڿ     (Gerald Bisshop) )

    3.    縷ȭ

 縷ȭ Ȯ ̴. (𷡾   TPN3 , UNCCD, 2003) 縷ȭ ̾ ħ 50% ̻ ̴.

 ų 750 ǥ䰡 ν, ȭ, ħĵǰ ִ. ̱54% ̷ ų 1Ÿ(1 ) 100 ̻     ǥ䰡 սǵǰ ִ. (ֱ ȣ ź ۷ ũ(John Crawford) ǥ )

 2010 ̶ũ, ߱, , ȣ, ɰ ȭŰ ִ

    4.     

  • Ǵ 65% ̻ ̶ ˷ ִ. Ұϰ ε ȯ
    , (÷) ġ ׸ƿ ̷ »̴.
     
  • , ׸Ʊ, ũк, , įʷι, Ȳ󱸱, , , 2009 ߱ ߺ İ õǾ ִ.
     
  • ϴ ׻ ׸Ƹ ؼ Ǿǰ ʷѴ.

    5.    ½ǰ

  • λ깰 ü ½ǰ ּ 51% Ѵ. (Goodland, Anhang, 2009)
     
  • , Ȥ ȭ ̻ȭźҿ Բ ̸ڵ ǰ طӱ , ̴ ̻ȭź ½ȿ Ű ð ȿ ִ. о ٷ ³ȭ ū ϰ ִ ̴. (Mohr, 2009)

ź 20 CO2 1 ½ȿ , õ ɸ CO2 ſ żϰ . ΰ ִ ź ̴.

ϴ ź 򰡵Ǿ.
̱
ָ ڵ ٿ ǰ ź ߻ 65% Ÿ.

  • ̻ȭźҿ ź ° Ϲ ½ǰ. ȿ Ŀ ߻ϴ طο ߻ .

ī(źҰ˴ - CO2 4,470 ) ٳ ¿ ַ ߻ϴµ, ̴ ϱ ü µ° غ ȭ 50% Ѵ. ī ǿ ĥ̳ ۿ ӹ ʾƼ ̸ ³ȭ ߴµ ȿ̰ å ִ. (Nature Geoscience)

ƻȭ CO2 ½ȿ ɼ 3 ½ǰ. ƻȭ 65% Եȴ.

    6.   

ü 70% ǥ 30% Ѵ. ( ׸, UN FAO, 2006)
 

    7.    ؾ

оߴ ؾ οȭ ū μ, ϸ ؾ ٴٸ . ( ׸, UN FAO, 2006)

90% ̹ ؾ翡 µ, ̴ κ ģ ȹ . (Nature Journal, Myers & Worm, Dalhousie Univ, 2003 5 15)

з Һ 50% ϴ ľ ߻ ߸. (National Academy of Sciences ȸ, 2009)

: 1Ŀ(450׷) ϱ ִ 5Ŀ(2.3ųα׷) ߻ ̷ Ѵ. (Naylor. Stanford's Woods Institute for the Environment and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies)

ȹ 3 1̳ ( ) ̴ δ. (Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Sea Shepherd)


    8.   

ū ٵ ̴. ij , ȭ , , ׻ Ÿ Ų.

ġ ȲȭҸ ϴ ϸϾ 64% Ѵ.

̱ ػ罺 ޽Ͻ ü Ѵ.

1996 ̱ , , ݷ 14 ̴ ü η 130 .

  • д ̹ ϼ ³ȭ ֿ ˷ ִ. Դٰ д Ÿ Ÿ ̱ ؾȿ 230 Ұ ٴٸ Ǿ.
     
  • : ߽ڸ ٴٴ ִ Ը 8õ 渶Ͽ Ѵ. 2010 2 ε帮 Ÿ 󱺿 80 ׾.

     
  • ľ , ׸ , ׻ ȭй ȯ Ų. (ڿȣ: WWF)

    9.    ڿ

  • . 1κ ũ äҿ 1κ ä Ļ纸 16 ȭ ʿ Ѵ. ( Ÿ)
     
  • 1ųα׷ Ұ⿡ 250ųι͸ ϰ 20 ʰ 100Ʈ ѳ Ͱ . (National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science in Japan)
     
  • . Ĵ 4,758ųι͸ ϴ Ͱ . ̰ 281ųι شϴ ä Ĵܿ 17 . ä Ĵ ĺ ½ǰ 94% Ѵ. (Institute for Ecological Economy Research in Germany)
     
  • . ϴ ϴ 2Ÿ(2 ) ʿϴ. ׷ ǰ Ȱ ä 80 ִ.
     
  • ķ. Ƶ 80% ϴ 󿡼 ִ.
     
  • ̱ 3 2 ƴ ̷ δ.
     
  • ε , 1ųα׷ ϴµ 7ųα׷ ʿѵ, ΰ ִ ҿ ̸ ܹ 3 1 پ.
     
  • ޷ 40% ̸, ܹ dz 85% ҿ ٸ ̷ δ.
     
  • . ϴ Ϸ翡 ְ 1 5õ ̸ ̰ ä 15 ̴.

 

    10.           

Ȧ ҿ ü 70% ϰ κ ȴ.
 

 1kg Ұ⸦ ϱ 20 ʿϴ. ׷ 1kg ϱ ؼ 2õ ʿϸ, 1kg п 900, 1kg 650͸ ʿϴ. (Pimentel D, Berger B, Filiberto D, et al. (2004) Water Resources, Agriculture, and the Environment)

 

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